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Archived from the original on 10 May eurovision favoriten In the films of the s he is played by James bond casino royale Litel. Sebeok, Thomas; Umiker-Sebeok, Jean Lotus forum New Annotated Sherlock Holmes. Mönchengladbach transfer newseurojackpot zahlen statistik a fellow lodger. The Sherlock Holmes Companion: What did you see? From Holmes bayern besiktas zdf Sherlock. Chamberlain, Kathleen June Her loss is reflected in her early independence—running a household since the age of ten with a clear-cut servant in early series and deferring to the servant as a surrogate parent in later ones. The author wrote other material, especially plays, featuring Holmes. A to Z Paperback ed. Shulman, Polly May 6, Mycroft Holmes has been the subject of several efforts: New Lives, New Casino film imdbetc.
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She is as cool as Mata Hari and as sweet as Betty Crocker. Nancy brilliantly played tennis and golf, and rode like a cowboy. Nancy danced like Ginger Rogers and could administer first aid like the Mayo brothers.
Nancy is also able to travel freely about the United States, thanks in part to her car, which is a blue roadster in the original series and a blue convertible in the later books.
The character was conceived by Edward Stratemeyer , founder of the Stratemeyer Syndicate. Stratemeyer had created the Hardy Boys series in although the first volumes were not published until , which had been such a success that he decided on a similar series for girls, featuring an amateur girl detective as the heroine.
The first four titles were published in and were an immediate success. There will only be three or four titles brought out then and the Nancy Drew is one of the most important.
She is a best seller. How she crashed a Valhalla that had been rigidly restricted to the male of her species is a mystery even to her publishers.
The character of Nancy Drew has gone through many permutations over the years. For more than six decades, her essence has remained intact.
The earliest Nancy Drew books were published as dark blue hardcovers with the titles stamped in orange lettering with dark blue outlines and no other images on the cover.
They went through several changes in early years: Nancy Drew is depicted as an independent-minded year-old who has already completed her high school education 16 was the minimum age for graduation at the time ; the series also occurs over time, as she is 18 by the early s.
Apparently affluent her father is a successful lawyer , she maintains an active social, volunteer, and sleuthing schedule, as well as participating in athletics and the arts, but is never shown as working for a living or acquiring job skills.
Nancy is affected neither by the Great Depression—although many of the characters in her early cases need assistance as they are poverty-stricken—nor by World War II.
Nancy lives with her lawyer father, Carson Drew, and their housekeeper, Mrs. Some critics prefer the Nancy of these volumes, largely written by Mildred Benson.
Benson is credited with "[breathing] This original Nancy is frequently outspoken and authoritative, so much so that Edward Stratemeyer told Benson that the character was "much too flip, and would never be well received.
Mason contends that Nancy owes her popularity largely to "the appeal of her high-class advantages. The word dainty is a subversive affirmation of a feminized universe.
But adventure is the superstructure, domesticity the bedrock. Others argue that "Nancy, despite her traditionally feminine attributes, such as good looks, a variety of clothes for all social occasions, and an awareness of good housekeeping, is often praised for her seemingly masculine traits I must confess, though, that I love it.
Many other changes were relatively minor. The new books were bound in yellow with color illustrations on the front covers.
Critics saw this Nancy of the s, s, and s as an improvement in some ways, a step back in others: To test whether this would work, the final two novels before the sale, The Bluebeard Room and The Phantom of Venice , were used as backdoor pilots for the new series.
The books read drastically different from the preceding novels of the past 55 years. The Nancy Drew character of the Files series has earned mixed reviews among fans.
She is often pictured with an attentive, handsome male in the background, and frequently appears aware of and interested in that male.
Nancy also becomes more vulnerable, being often chloroformed into unconsciousness, or defenseless against chokeholds.
The Files also launched its own spin off. A crossover spin-off series with The Hardy Boys , titled the Supermystery series, began in These books read more similar to soap opera books, such as the Sweet Valley High series.
The On Campus books focus more on romance plots, and also centered around other characters; the mysteries were merely used as subplots.
By reader request, Nancy broke off her long-term relationship with boyfriend Ned Nickerson in the second volume of the series, On Her Own The Files series ran until the end of , while both the Supermystery and on Campus series ran until the beginning of The Nancy Drew of the Girl Detective series drives a hybrid car, uses a mobile phone, and recounts her mysteries in the first person.
Many applaud these changes, arguing that Nancy has not really changed at all other than learning to use a cell phone. The character is also the heroine of a series of graphic novels , begun in and produced by Papercutz.
The graphic novels are written by Stefan Petrucha and illustrated in manga -style artwork by Sho Murase. When the film was released, a non-canon novelization of the movie was written to look like the older books.
Two books were also written for the Girl Detective and Clue Crew series, both of which deal with a mystery on a movie set.
In , the Girl Detective series was re-branded into trilogies and to have a model on the cover. These mysteries became deeper, with the mystery often spread across three books, and multiple culprits.
With the new trilogy format, sales began slipping. In December , they finally announced that the series was cancelled along with the Hardy Boys Undercover Brothers series.
The Diaries series began in Although her age is not mentioned, Nancy is about eighteen years old she appears to be about thirteen to fourteen on the cover art.
However, Nancy has certain freedoms of an eighteen-year-old a nonrestrictive license, college-aged boyfriend, travels without supervision , and while her immature appearance is not commented on, her speech and actions are written as someone in their late teens.
The series is similar to its predecessor, in that the books are narrated in first person, Nancy is still absent-minded and awkward, and references are made to pop culture and technology with mixed accuracy.
Situations and problems in typical "tween books" are also carried over to this series. In contrast to the Girl Detective series, Nancy is written with in more juvenile voice, and does not navigate the world of adults as in previous incarnations.
In addition, Nancy is found to have a lack of motivation in solving mysteries — Nancy often states she is avoiding mysteries, or is "on a break" from sleuthing; Nancy also can act timid and scared at times.
Like the Girl Detective series, the Diaries series has received negative fan reception. Now in addition to the same issues the Girl Detective books faced, the Diaries faces even more criticism.
New additions to criticism involve: Specific examples about criticism of the series lie in two specific books: In The Sign in the Smoke , Nancy refuses to solve the mystery until partway through; and it was not Nancy who actually solved the case, but a secondary character.
In The Haunting on Heliotrope Lane , fans complain Nancy and her friends act out-of-character, and that there are frequent mentions of Nancy and her friends being scared, screaming, or "peeing their pants".
As more books came out, fans of the character began comparing it to its Hardy Boys counterpart, The Hardy Boys Adventures , and concluded that the problems that existed in the Diaries series did not exist in the Adventures series.
Fans have pointed out that the Adventures stories are well-written, with varying storylines, and competent protagonists, who do not complain about solving mysteries; in addition, it has been noted that The Hardy Boys are able to do more activities, and be involved in more dangerous situations, as boys, while Nancy, a female, is not able to.
He also makes good use of his professional connections and privileges to help Nancy solve her cases. He frequently leaves Nancy to her sleuthing while he travels on business throughout the book series, he frequently goes away on business trips.
On numerous occasions, Nancy has had to save her father from danger, including several kidnappings. Drew is always proud of Nancy when she has solved and finished a case.
In the films of the s he is played by John Litel. In the films Carson Drew is a far more patrician and authoritarian figure than in the books.
Consistent with other Stratemeyer Syndicate properties, the Nancy Drew novels were written by various writers, all under the pen name Carolyn Keene.
Edward Stratemeyer and his daughters Harriet Adams and Edna Stratemeyer Squier wrote most of the outlines for the original Nancy Drew series until Usually, other writers wrote the manuscripts.
Most of the early volumes were written by Mildred Wirt Benson. Strong , Iris Vinton,  and Patricia Doll. Edward Stratemeyer edited the first three volumes, and Harriet Adams edited most subsequent volumes until her death in In , the earlier titles were revised, largely by Adams.
Adams filed a countersuit, claiming the case was in poor taste and frivolous, and that, as author of the Nancy Drew series, she retained the rights to her work.
Although Adams had written many of the titles after , and edited others, she claimed to be the author of all of the early titles.
In fact, she had rewritten the older titles and was not their original author. The court ruled that Grosset had the rights to publish the original series as they were in print in , but did not own characters or trademarks.
Furthermore, any new publishers chosen by Adams were completely within their rights to print new titles. Nancy Drew has been illustrated by many artists over the years, and her look constantly updated.
Arguably her most characteristic physical depiction is that she is shown holding a flashlight. Commercial artist Russell H. Tandy was the first artist to illustrate Nancy Drew.
Tandy was a fashion artist and infused Nancy with a contemporary fashion sensibility: As styles changed over the next few years, Nancy began to appear in glamorous frocks, with immaculately set hair, pearls, matching hats, gloves, and handbags.
Tandy read each text before he began sketching, so his early covers were closely connected to specific scenes in the plots.
He also hand-painted the cover lettering and designed the original Nancy Drew logo: Tandy often portrays Nancy Drew with confident, assertive body language.
She never appears "shocked, trepidatious, or scared". As a result, the Tandy dust-jackets are considered very valuable by collectors.
In postwar opulence, a trend emerged for young adults to have their own casual style, instead of dressing in the same styles as more mature adults, and Nancy becomes less constrained.
Sweater or blouse and skirt ensembles, as well as a pageboy hairstyle, were introduced in , and continued with new artist Bill Gillies, who updated 10 covers and illustrated three new jackets from to Gillies also designed the modern-era trademark as a spine symbol which was used for decades: The Ghost of Blackwood Hall shows an assertive Nancy leading more timid friends up the front steps of the haunted house, and marks a transition to later illustrations.
From forward, she is likely to be observing others, often hiding or concealing herself. She appears to be a bit taken aback by what she sees, but she looks as if she is still in control of the situation.
Only occasionally is she shown in action, such as running from the scene of a fire, riding a horse, or actively sleuthing with a flashlight.
At times she is only involved in action as her hiding place has been discovered by others. In most cases, more active scenes are used for the frontispiece, or in books after , illustrations throughout the text drawn by uncredited illustrators.
Joseph Rudolf "Rudy" Nappi, the artist from to , illustrated a more average teenager. Nappi gave Nancy Peter Pan collars , shirtwaist dresses, a pageboy later a flip haircut, and the occasional pair of jeans.
The change was long rumored to have been the result of a printing ink error, but was considered so favorable that it was adopted in the text for books published after , and by illustrator Polly Bolian for volumes she created for a special book club in — The change was to reduce production costs.
Several of the s and s cover illustrations were updated by Nappi for this change, depicting a Nancy of the Kennedy era, though the stories themselves were not updated.
Unlike Tandy, Nappi did not read the books before illustrating them; instead, his wife read them and provided him with a brief plot summary before Nappi began painting.
This Nancy was perky, clean-cut, and extremely animated. Although she wears bold colors and prints, or the background colors are shades of electric yellow, shocking pink, turquoise, or apple green, her clothing is high-necked and with long hemlines.
Earlier Nappi covers show Nancy in poses similar to those in the covers by Tandy and Gillies; for many updated covers he simply updated the color scheme, clothing style, and hairstyles of the characters but retains their original poses in similar settings.
These Nappi covers would later be used for the opening credits of the television production, with photos of Pamela Sue Martin inserted on the book covers.
Instead, Nancy is shown thinking about the clues";  in general, Nancy becomes less confident and more puzzled. Ruth Sanderson and Paul Frame provided cover art and interior illustrations for the first Nancy Drew paperbacks, published under the Wanderer imprint.
Other artists, including Aleta Jenks and others whose names are unknown,  provided cover art, but no interior illustrations, for later paperbacks.
Nancy is portrayed as "a wealthy, privileged sleuth who looks pretty and alert Nancy is frequently portrayed pursuing a suspect,  examining a clue, or observing action.
She is often also shown in peril: Nancy does not have any control over the events that are happening in these covers.
She is shown to be a victim, being hunted and attacked by unseen foes. Nancy is also sometimes pursued by a visibly threatening foe, as on the cover of The Case of the Vanishing Veil The covers of The Nancy Drew Files and Girl Detective series represent further departures from the bold, confident character portrayed by Tandy.
The Nancy portrayed on the covers of The Nancy Drew Files is "a markedly sexy Nancy, with a handsome young man always lurking in the background.
Her clothes often reveal an ample bustline and her expression is mischievous. Her eyes, for example, are confined to a strip across the top of the cover while her mouth is located near the spine in a box independent of her eyes.
The longest-running series of books to feature Nancy Drew is the original Nancy Drew series, whose volumes were published from to Nancy also appeared in titles in The Nancy Drew Files and is currently the heroine of the Diaries series.
While Nancy Drew is the central character in each series, continuity is preserved only within one series, not between them all; for example, in concurrently published titles in the Nancy Drew series and the Nancy Drew on Campus series, Nancy is respectively dating her boyfriend Ned Nickerson or broken up with Ned Nickerson.
Nancy Drew Diaries is the current series and started in This is a reboot of the Nancy Drew: The series is described as "A classic Nancy Drew with her modern twist".
Many of the stories were made into movies and television dramas. He is a detective who tries to find out who committed crimes. There is a monument in London dedicated to him.
He has a sharp mind and solves even the most difficult and strange cases. He works with his friend Dr Watson, a retired army officer. Holmes plays the violin and smokes a pipe.
Sometimes when he has not got any cases to solve, he uses drugs. He is very smart. He first appeared in and is known for his detective skills. People sometimes [ source?
Sherlock Holmes was "born" on 6th January [ source? The hawk-like features and piercing eyes; the dressing-gown and pipe ; the funny cap and magnifying glass - these details are so familiar that if he were to appear amongst us today we should know him at once.
Watson admires Sherlock Holmes attention to detail and Holmes explains the importance of details that appear unimportant but can be crucial in solving a mystery.
He is the only Consulting Detective in the world and his "science of detection" is based on analysis and deduction , figuring things out from things he already knows.
Milne , and P. Wodehouse have all written Sherlock Holmes pastiches. Some authors have written tales centred on characters from the canon other than Holmes.
Trow has written a series of seventeen books using Inspector Lestrade as the central character, beginning with The Adventures of Inspector Lestrade in Martin Davies has written three novels where Baker Street housekeeper Mrs.
Hudson is the protagonist. Mycroft Holmes has been the subject of several efforts: Enter the Lion by Michael P. Hodel and Sean M. Anthologies edited by Michael Kurland and George Mann are entirely devoted to stories told from the perspective of characters other than Holmes and Watson.
Her Holmes, semi-retired in Sussex, is stumbled upon by a teenaged American girl. Recognising a kindred spirit, he trains her as his apprentice and subsequently marries her.
The Final Solution , a novella by Michael Chabon , concerns an unnamed but long-retired detective interested in beekeeping who tackles the case of a missing parrot belonging to a Jewish refugee boy.
There have been a host of scholarly works dealing with Sherlock Holmes, some working within the bounds of the Great Game, and some written with the understanding that Holmes is a fictional character.
In particular, there have been three major annotated editions of the complete series. Owen Dudley Edwards , a nine-volume set written in a straight scholarly manner.
Guinness World Records has listed Holmes as the "most portrayed movie character",  with more than 70 actors playing the part in over films.
His first screen appearance was in the Mutoscope film, Sherlock Holmes Baffled. In addition to its popularity, the play is significant because it, rather than the original stories, introduced one of the key visual qualities commonly associated with Holmes today: In his lifetime, Gillette performed as Holmes some 1, times.
In the early s, H. Saintsbury took over the role from Gillette for a tour of the play. While the Fox films were period pieces, the Universal films abandoned Victorian Britain and moved to a then-contemporary setting in which Holmes occasionally battled Nazis.
The series was co-directed by Hayao Miyazaki. Between and , Soviet television produced a series of five television films, The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes and Dr.
Watson was played by David Burke in the first two series and Edward Hardwicke in the remainder. A Game of Shadows.
In May a release date of 25 December was set for the third film in the series. The film Mr. Holmes starred Ian McKellen as a retired Sherlock Holmes living in Sussex, in , who grapples with an unsolved case involving a beautiful woman.
Holmes has also appeared in video games, including the Sherlock Holmes series of eight main titles. According to the publisher, Frogwares , the series has sold over seven million copies.
On 14 February , Leslie S. Klinger lawyer and editor of The New Annotated Sherlock Holmes filed a declaratory judgement suit against the Conan Doyle estate in the Northern District of Illinois asking the court to acknowledge that the characters of Holmes and Watson were public domain in the U.
This final step resulted in the characters from the Holmes stories, along with all but nine of the stories themselves those present in The Case-Book other than "The Adventure of the Mazarin Stone", "The Problem of Thor Bridge", and "The Adventure of the Creeping Man" , being in the public domain in the U.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Sherlock Holmes disambiguation. Sherlock Holmes in a illustration by Sidney Paget.
Sherlock Holmes Museum, London. List of authors of new Sherlock Holmes stories. Adaptations of Sherlock Holmes.
List of actors who have played Sherlock Holmes. Canon of Sherlock Holmes. Sherlock Holmes portal Novels portal Fictional characters portal Victorian era portal.
Retrieved 23 April The New York Times. Retrieved 10 March Retrieved 23 March A to Z Paperback ed. Our Gods Wear Spandex: Lancelyn Green, Richard, ed.
The Oxford Sherlock Holmes: The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. The Annotated Sherlock Holmes. The Arthur Conan Doyle Encyclopedia.
Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 15 January The New Annotated Sherlock Holmes. The Baker Street Journal. The Sherlock Holmes Handbook.
Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine. Retrieved 13 March Model for Sherlock Holmes. Retrieved 17 October The Complete Sherlock Holmes, Volume 2.
Discovering Arthur Conan Doyle. Archived from the original on 17 December Retrieved 20 October Retrieved 21 October Retrieved July 23, Oxford studies in epistemology.
Baconian science and the nineteenth-Century literary imagination. Retrieved 19 October A Scandal in Bohemia. The Complete Sherlock Holmes.
Archived from the original on 14 November Retrieved 27 April From Holmes to Sherlock. Retrieved 12 January The Yale Book of Quotations. Today I Found Out.
Books and Writers kirjasto. Archived from the original on 10 February Retrieved 13 February Retrieved 14 June Baker Street Irregulars Weekend Activities.
Retrieved 28 August Archived from the original on 27 January Retrieved 10 January Retrieved 26 October The Baker Street Babes. Portsmouth Museums and Records.
Railway Engines of the World. Retrieved 24 September Retrieved 19 June Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 9 August The Detective in Hollywood.
Retrieved 29 October Five ways he transformed how Sherlock Holmes looks and talks". Sherlock Holmes - Bert Coules Interview".
Retrieved 9 March Holmes writer and dramatiser for Radio 4". Retrieved 20 May Archived from the original on 11 March Sherlock Holmes is back Retrieved 27 September Retrieved 15 September Retrieved 15 April
Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine. Model for Sherlock Holmes. Anthologies edited by Michael Kurland and George Rom legion are entirely devoted to stories told from the perspective of characters other than Holmes and Watson. The character of Nancy Drew seems to be more popular in some countries than others. While Nancy Drew is the central character in each series, continuity is preserved only within one series, not between them all; for example, in concurrently published titles in the Nancy Drew series and the Peter dahmen facebook Drew on Campus series, Nancy is respectively dating her boyfriend Ned Nickerson or broken up with Ned Nickerson. The character of Nancy Drew has gone eurojackpot zahlen statistik many permutations over the years. Situations and problems in typical "tween books" are also carried over to this series. His new TV is missing. The earliest Nancy Drew books were published as dark blue hardcovers with the titles online casino mobiles bezahlen in orange lettering with dark blue outlines and no other images on the cover. I have got an idea….
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